Archived entries for Philosophy

update; the three robot laws

Update, new developments make the robot laws even more relevant. What if we combine these three developments together? The runaway robot IR77, this sumurai figther robot and self learning robot’s that are starting to show up around us.

Isaac Asimov set out his famous three laws of robotics in ‘I, Robot,’

1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.

2. A robot must obey any orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.

3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.

 

i’ve got nothing to hide

Privacy and government surveillance is a hot topic that’s why this paper is very interesting

In this essay, Solove critiques the nothing to hide argument and exposes its faulty underpinnings

the link to the paper

specialist versus generalist

With todays information overload there is an ongoing battle between chosing to acquire more specific or more general knowledge in which the specific knowledge often is preferred. But what if that specific knowledge is no longer necessary because the technology or the circumstances have changed?

In this article the benefits of being a generalist are described, which we as providers of general information on inscipa of course like

the article

and a short overview of the pro’s and con’s of being a specialist or generalist: an overview

 

 

 

 

how is welfare distributed

One of the essential debating points in modern voting systems is how welfare should be distributed. Welfare distribution is the perfect topic for politicians to debate about. We would like to know which mechanisms make individual people and society more rich or less rich? What determines the welfare distribution? We have found (an incomplete) number of factors affecting welfare distribution:

– self enforcing of inequality: the paper and internet article.

– rents increases the gap, the  video starts in icelandic but continues in english after 1 minute and explains how this works: video 1 and video 2

– science  decreases the welfare gap by new inventions that enable (poor en wealthy) people to do more with the same resources. Do you have more factors? Send them to us by submitting a paper!

– amazing video about welfare distribution

 

a broader perspective through the camera

In this video, camera techniques are shown that offer a broader perspective on what is already there but what you can’t see through your own eyes

Micro fotography, telelenses, time-lapses and slow motion

the video

and what you see is transformed into words

the descriptive camera of Matt Richardson

no news please

News is for the mind like sugar for the body, it becomes addicting.

The problem is: news does not help you to THINK!

This interesting essay of Dobelli argues why you should not read any news:

the essay of Dobelli and secondly

FAQ about no news

and news that maybe is interesting: longnews

impressive charlie chaplin

For those who have never seen ‘the great dictator’ (including me), a speech which still is valid today; ‘we don’t need more technology, but more humanity’

scene from the great dictator

it is not OUR universe

If you never heard of carl sagan, we neither. But he left a very nice and inspirational serie to us. Fortunately on youtube a easier and summarized version can be found. It is a short summarization of science so far. It also is a tribute to science

the youtube movies

part 1

part 2

feeling the future

The full paper title is ‘Feelin the future; experimental evidence for anomalous retroactive influences on cognition and affect’ by Bern and the paper is about divination or clairvoyance. Although we not all believe divination exists, it is now being proved that it actually exists! If after stringent tests divination can be proved, the world has a new dimension of research

the direct link to the paper (61 pages) which is publicly available

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

God; Do I have your attention?

Interesting title and interesting subject. I never have read some scientific article on religion yet, mostly because the scientific view and religion do not seem to go together that easy.

But here is an interesting paper with science making connection to a ‘higher level’

doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2010.07.003

everything starts with why

In the link below you can see an inspiring talk, he also put down in a book

We should not reason from what we are doing to why, but the other way around. Why do we do something? That ‘believe’ we lead to what we do. So start questioning yourself:

http://www.ted.com/talks/simon_sinek_how_great_leaders_inspire_action.html

Inscipa.com on books

Althought our initial goal is to focus on those brilliant papers that are written everyday, in the end these good stories will be summarized in a good book. Although it will take a little longer to get through a book, we do not want you to miss out on them to. So let us inform you about a nice book

It is called ‘organization behaviour’ of Robbins Judge, especially chapter 14 on Power and Politics is an interesting read. The chapter is describing the differences between power and leadership. It is interesting because the underlying principles can be observed and used in everyday life. The paper further describes the five bases of power, as well as various influencing tactics and individual and organizational factors that stimulate political behaviour.

http://wps.prenhall.com/bp_robbins_ob_12/44/11274/2886226.cw/index.html

Why are organisms different from machines?

Ever wondered if we still have a relation with our natural background? The paper puts a link between the concept of ‘nature’ and the human made ‘system’ in which we live. Thereby using some philosophic thinking

the summary of the paper starts with

The question What is life? has been asked by many over the years. Robert Rosen realized that this was a poorly posed question and that when rephrased the question had an earthshaking answer. This is the subject of this review.

thanks Robert

doi:10.1002/1099-1743(200009/10)17:5<419::AID-SRES367>3.0.CO;2-D

The Public Choice Revolution

This paper is about a new book called Public Choice (of ethics). It raises very interesting examples about voting and voting behaviour, you start wondering if your vote really worthy (the paradox of voting called). The paper can provide you a different look on democracy and the ‘power to vote’

Thanks to Robert for supplying the paper

the public choice revolution

 

Update: Why is it that Conservatives are so good at winning and Progressives produce a lackluster resistance at best? The answer comes from a fundamental insight from evolutionary biology. Stated simply, it goes like this:

When two groups compete, the one with the most social cohesion wins in the long run. see: this online article/ paper



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